Contrast, Contradiction and Change Britain 1906-1918 link to Learning Curve home page
Liberal Welfare Reforms 1906-11 : Working People
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Working People *
**Working People
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As well as helping children and old people, the Liberal government also passed measures to help working people who were ill or unemployed. The work of social reformers like Charles Booth, along with the work of the government's own officials, showed that the government needed to take action.
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In 1909, the government set up a system of Labour Exchanges - a bit like modern job centres. In 1911 the government brought in National Insurance, which gave workers sick pay and unemployment pay.
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These were radical measures for the time. In this case study you will examine some of the evidence which convinced the government that the measures were needed.
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1. 'The Ragged Trousered Philanthropists' extract

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2. Scheme to help the unemployed in London

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Source 1

* Source 2
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3. Labour proposals to help unemployed, 1907

* 4. Confidential report on underemployment, 1910
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Source 3

* Source 4
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5. Speech at unemployed workers meeting, 1908

* 6. Report of Central Body for Unemployed Workmen
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Source 5

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7. National Insurance and Labour Exchanges

* 8. Survey of the Problems of Pauperism, 1910
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Source 7

* Source 8
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How to use the sources in this case study   *
You can use these case study sources in two ways:
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* All of the sources in this case study have been chosen to help you decide why the Liberals brought in measures to help working people. If you are tackling the Big Question Part 1 you should: *
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* Study each source carefully - use the questions to help you get the most from the source. *
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* Look at the list of possible reasons in Part 1 of the Big Question. *
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* Decide which reasons are supported or contradicted by the source. *
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Big question *
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* If you want to get some practice on examination type questions, just click on the Practice Questions button.

Don't forget - if there are words or phrases in the sources which you cannot understand, try the glossary!
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Practice questions

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