Propaganda is information that is spread to promote a cause. During the Second World War, Britain and her allies fought against Germany and the axis powers in a war which took place on land and sea in many parts of the world. Both sides made use of propaganda to try and win support from other countries.
Britain was keen to keep the support of the colonies in her Empire, including those in West Africa, and sent propaganda leaflets like the one in this lesson to try and help win their support.
During the Second World War, Germany and her allies were keen to persuade the colonial peoples of the British Empire to take the opportunity to gain their independence. This would have weakened Britain and some of her allies who also had empires, especially the Belgians, Dutch and French. For example the Indian leader, Subhas Chandra Bose, raised an Indian army that fought alongside the Japanese against the British. Similarly in the Dutch East Indies, the Japanese installed a government based upon local nationalist movements that, at the end of the war, forced the Dutch to grant them independence as Indonesia.
In fact, during the war, soldiers from many of Britain’s existing and former colonies fought alongside the British Army.
This propaganda leaflet is intended to be used as either part of a study of government propaganda over time, as part of a study of the British Empire running across the three years of key stage 3, or as part of a study of the worldwide dimension of the Second World War. In all three cases there are obvious links to be made with literacy and citizenship.
Source 1: A propaganda leaflet designed for distribution in West Africa. It was printed in the early 1940s (INF 2/1 pt. 4)
Weapons on the wall
A collection of wartime propaganda posters.