How to look for records of... Royal Marines officers
How can I view the records covered in this guide?
This is a brief guide to help you with your research into Royal Marines officers. Royal Marines records are kept in different places depending on when the Marine served. This guide will help you to find out if the information you are looking for exists, and if it does where to find it.
1. What do I need to know before I start?
2. What records can I see online?
3. What records can I find at The National Archives at Kew?
4. What records can I find in other archives and organisations?
5. What other resources will help me find information?
6. Did you know?
The Royal Marines were established in 1664 under Charles II. They were called ‘the Duke of York and Albany’s Maritime Regiment of Foot’.
In 1755 a corps of 5,000 marines was established and grouped into 50 companies under 3 divisions: Chatham, Plymouth and Portsmouth. No original service records of officers appointed before 1793 have survived however you can often trace their career through other publications.
The Marines were designated ‘Royal’ by an order of King George III in 1802.
In 1855 the Royal Marine Light Infantry (RMLI) was formed, followed by the Royal Marine Artillery (RMA) in 1859.
The RMLI and RMA merged in 1923 to form a single Royal Marine Corps.