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Beginners' Latin
Petitioning Mary I and Phillip of Spain, historiated initial. 1558. Cat ref: KB 27/1185/2

Lesson 6: Hic, hec, hoc; third and fourth conjugation verbs

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hic, hec, hoc:

Hic, hec, hoc has several meanings

  • This’ when it's an adjectiveGlossary - opens in a new window – describing a noun
  • He, she, it’ when it's a pronounGlossary - opens in a new window – standing in for a noun

hic, hec, hoc agrees with the noun it relates to.

Singular
Case Masculine Feminine Neuter Adjective Pronoun
Nominative hic hec hoc this he, she, it
Accusative hunc hanc hoc this him, her, it
Genitive huius huius huius of this his, her, its
Dative huic huic huic to this to him/her/it
Ablative hoc hac hoc by this by him/her/it

 

Plural
Case Masculine Feminine Neuter Adjective Pronoun
Nominative hi he hec these they
Accusative hos has hec these them
Genitive horum harum horum of these their
Dative his or hiis his or hiis his or hiis to these to them
Ablative his or hiis his or hiis his or hiis by these by them

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hec est concordia this is the agreement concordia, -e  (f.) agreement
     
confirmamus hac carta hec maneria domino we confirm by this charter these manors to the lord.  
     
lego hoc testamento has predictas septem acras terre I bequeath by this will these aforesaid seven acres of land. acra, -e (f.) acreGlossary - opens in a new window
     
hi sunt plegii Edwardi Basset These are the pledges of Edward Basset plegius, -i (m.) pledgeGlossary - opens in a new window

As always, don’t try to learn all of the endings at once! First look for patterns

  • Genitive singular is the same for all genders
  • Dative singular is the same for all genders
  • Nominative singular and accusative singular are the same for neuter
  • Dative and ablative plurals are the same
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The meanings of ‘hic, hec, hoc’?

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