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Latin Palaeography

Lesson Five - Abbreviations

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The word dilectus, -a, -um is often abbreviated by leaving out the letters e and t.
dil[e]c[t]o

example
Contraction

The word salus, salutis (f.) is often abbreviated in the opening sentence of a deed or writ by omitting the u and e.
Sal[u]t[e]m

example
Contraction

In a word ending in cionem, the letters i and n are often left out.
petic[i]o[n]em

example
Contraction

The pronouns nobis and vobis are often abbreviated by leaving out the letters is.
nob[is]

example
Suspension

The possessive pronouns noster, nostra, nostrum and vester, vestra, vestrum are often abbreviated by leaving out the letters ost and est respectively.
n[ost]ra

example
Contraction

The word breve, -is (n.) is often abbreviated with the letters ev omitted.
br[ev]e

example
Contraction

The word factum, -i (n.) is often abbreviated with the letters a and t left out.
f[a]c[tu]m

example
Contraction

When the letter r is followed by a cross-like abbreviation sign, the letters um should be added after the r.
alior[um]

example
Suspension

This abbreviation sign, particularly after the letter t, indicates that the letters ur should be added onto the end.
supponit[ur]

example
Suspension

The word proximus, -a, -um is often abbreviated with the letters after x omitted.
p[ro]x[ima]

example
Suspension

An abbreviation sign resembling a small backwards loop generally means that the letters er or or have been missed out.
ux[or]

example
Suspension

The word testis, -is (m.,f.) is often abbreviated to T.Note that this is particularly common in the phrase teste rege which is normally abbreviated to T R.
T[este] R[ege]

example
Initial letters

The word sacramentum, -i (n.) is often abbreviated by omitting the letters amentu.
sacr[amentu]m

example
Contraction