German Intelligence agents and suspected agents

Werner Strebel (KV 2/3121) 1940 - 1954

A Swiss journalist who arrived in London just prior to the outbreak of war and soon came under suspicion, Strebel was interrogated in 1940 and 1941 without result. He spent the rest of the war in London. In 1946 the interrogation of a captured Abwehr officer (German military intelligence) revealed that Strebel had been recruited in Bremen in 1939 and tasked with gathering detailed operational RAF information. He sent a number of reports to his controller by letter, using secret writing, and met his controller twice more, in Milan in late 1939 and in Lucerne in February 1940. On both occasions, and from what is known of his reporting, it was clear that Strebel had made little or no espionage progress. In March 1941 the Abwehr lost patience with him and broke off contact.  He was interviewed in 1947 and deported.

Sophia Alexandra Clapham-Kukralova (KV 2/3122) 1942 - 1951

Czech in origin, the glamorous and 'unscrupulous' Sophia Alexandra Clapham-Kukralova, alias Sophie Vladimirovna-Karnetova, Oertel, Kuschel, was arrested in Cairo in 1942 (with her foster stepmother Josephine Clapham, nee Michael). There she was interned until 1946 as a suspected German agent because of her undue interest in military matters. Post-war interrogation of a German agent showed that these suspicions were well-founded.


Ignacio Molina Perez (KV 2/3123) 1939 - 1946

As an intelligence officer on the staff of the Spanish military governor of Campo, Molina Perez acted as a liaison point with the British authorities in Gibraltar during the Second World War. He was also a German agent and believed to have been the unconscious channel through which the Deception operation Copperhead (the impersonation of General Montgomery) was achieved. Molina Perez was decorated by both the Germans and the Italians.

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Constantin Canaris (KV 2/3161) 1945

Head of the Nazi Party (SD) for Belgium and Northern France in 1941 and nephew to Admiral Canaris, he later worked directly for Himmler in Croatia. In April 1945 he was given a special mission by Kaltenbrunner to explore the possibility of peace talks with the Papal Nuncio in Switzerland. Canaris' interrogation report contains interesting accounts of Gestapo activities in occupied Belgium.

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Dr Kurt Pruefer (KV 2/3114) 1918 - 1950

An Arabist reported to have been head of German espionage in Jerusalem and Constantinople during the First World War, Pruefer was said to be a leading official of the German Foreign Office in 1939. In 1942 he was ambassador to Brazil and the following year was convicted of espionage against that country. In 1949 he was lecturing in International Law in New Delhi.

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Baron Bernard Rutgen von Gossler (KV 2/3117) 1936 - 1945

Working under cover of the German Railways Information Bureau, Von Gossler was posted from London to Cairo where in 1936 he attempted to cultivate British officers, and from 1940 worked for the SIPO (German security police) and SD (Nazi Party) in Stockholm. He was arrested for espionage in 1944.

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Joseph Gerard Andrews (KV 2/3119) 1941 - 1943

An enterprising and adventurous Irishman with a chequered history and IRA connections, Andrews established contact, in the early 1940s, with Hermann Goertz, an Irish based German Intelligence agent. Andrews assisted Goertz in various ways until the latter's arrest in late 1941 and, after that event, maintained contact with the Abwehr (German military intelligence) in Lisbon using Goertz's ciphers until his own arrest and internment in 1943. Related file KV2/3120.

Helmuth Kraemer (KV 2/3132) 1945 - 1957

A German officer captured at Stalingrad, Kraemer was recruited as a Russian agent and parachuted back into Germany. There he was arrested and turned back against the Russians. However his German supervision was so poor that he was able to continue to communicate with his Russian controllers.

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Michel Kedia (KV 2/3131) 1944 - 1947

A Georgian who regarded himself as a potential leader of that country, Kedia opened a Bureau in Paris, the function of which was to recruit agents to work in Russia and the Balkans. When the Germans invaded Russia, he was also given an office in Berlin. Kedia was also involved in an attempt to set up a Georgian cloister in the Vatican, by introducing agents among the monks who were to keep contact with the SD (Nazi Party). 

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