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National Service League Founded by George Shee in 1906 to press for the introduction of universal military service in Britain. At its peak in 1912, it had more than 98,000 members.

Navy League German nationalist organisation, created in 1898 to encourage an extensive programme of naval building in Germany. At its peak, it had 331,900 members.

Neuilly, Treaty of Allied peace treaty with Bulgaria, signed on 27 November 1919.

New Army Term by which the volunteer divisions created in the British army between August 1914 and December 1915 were commonly known.

Nicholas, Grand Duke (1856-1929) Uncle of Tsar Nicholas II. Appointed supreme commander of Russian army in 1914. Sacked in August 1915, when Nicholas II appointed himself in his place.

Nicholas II (1868-1918) Last tsar of Russia. Appointed himself supreme commander of the Russian army in August 1915 after a series of military setbacks on the Eastern Front. Strongly influenced by reactionary factions around him, he was unable to curb the growing unpopularity of the war in Russia and abdicated in March 1917. He was shot along with his family by the Bolsheviks at Ekaterinburg in Siberia in July 1918.

No-Conscription Fellowship Pacifist organisation founded on 27 November 1915 in London by a mixture of Quakers and Independent Labour Party supporters to campaign against the introduction of compulsory military service in Britain.

No Man's Land Term, dating from as early as the 14th century, that was used to describe the territory between the Allied and German frontlines in Belgium and France during the First World War.

Northcliffe, Viscount (1865-1922; born Alfred Harmsworth) Press baron who created the Daily Mail and owned The Times; known for his anti-German tendencies, he was appointed by the government as director of propaganda in enemy countries in 1918.

Nur-ed-Din, Yusuf Ottoman army general. Appointed to command the Turkish forces in Mesopotamia in April 1915, his troops defeated the advancing British forces at Ctesiphon (22-26 November) and subsequently trapped them at Kut-al-Amara.


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