German Intelligence Agents and Suspected Agents

German Intelligence Agents and Suspected Agents

(KV 2/1139-1175)

Ernst Paul Fackenheim

(KV 2/1163)

Fackenheim's tale is one of the strangest personal stories to have emerged to date from the Security Service's records from the Second World War. A German Jew, Fackenheim had been imprisoned by the German authorities in Dachau, but managed to secure his release by agreeing to undertake a spying mission against the Allies. Having been trained and given the codename KOCH, Fackenheim was parachuted into Palestine in 1941 where, not surprisingly, he immediately handed himself over to the British authorities. He was tried for espionage at the end of the War.

This reconstituted file covers the period 1942-46, and concerns Fackenheim's arrival in Palestine and subsequent consideration of his case. The file includes reports of his initial contact with the British authorities, assessments of his interrogation and speculation that Fackenheim might have been dropped in order to be caught, to distract attention from more important infiltrations elsewhere.

August Kraatz

(KV 2/1172)

Another curious case is that of August Kraatz (or Kreitz), a German of Jewish descent who was recruited in 1940 by the Abwehr. He served in Germany, Belgium, France and Portugal - seemingly without giving cause for suspicion - before his Jewish descent was discovered and he was dismissed from the Abwehr in early 1943 (and briefly imprisoned). However, on release he nevertheless continued in service, and by October 1944 was being employed as a civilian airport controller in Latvia. He offered his services to the Allies in June 1945 on his return from Latvia to Kiel where he was arrested.

This file covers the period 1942-46, and deals with Kraatz's offer to assist the British in penetrating post-war subversive activities in Portugal allegedly being organised by former Sicherheitsdienst and Gestapo officers directed by one Schroeder. The file includes interrogation reports and correspondence following up leads given by Kraatz during these interviews.

Mattias Ridderhof, aka George van Vliet

(KV 2/1170)

Ridderhof was the notorious Dutch agent who worked for the Germans to penetrate the allied escape lines and resistance movements in the Low Countries. Suspicion in Britain fell on Ridderhof when his role in the escape of certain officers and civilians came under question after interrogation (see, for example, the case of Knoppers, KV 6/37-38 below).

This reconstituted file concerns the investigation into Ridderhof, beginning with the suspicions aroused by the interrogations of Knoppers and other agents who had encountered him as they passed along allied escape lines. After the liberation of Belgium, the file goes on with correspondence covering the hunt for Ridderhof and his arrest in May 1945, and there is an interrogation report at folio 60a. Plans to take Ridderhof to Camp 020 for further interrogation were dropped after other information supplied by interrogation with the German officers who had run Ridderhof, Giskes and Huntemann made this unnecessary.

Maria Molkenteller

(KV 2/1171)

Molkenteller's case in itself is of little interest - she was a translator employed by German intelligence in Berlin. However, among the English language documents she had to translate were those supplied by the Turkish spy CICERO, a Turkish valet working at the British embassy in Ankara. It was in this connection that she was brought to Britain for interrogation in 1945 before being returned to Germany, and this is the reconstituted Security Service file dealing with that interrogation. For further details on the CICERO case, see 'List files'.