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James Callaghan 1976

Callaghan served as Chancellor of the Exchequer, Home Secretary and Foreign Secretary before becoming Prime Minister.
Callaghan served as Chancellor of the Exchequer, Home Secretary and Foreign Secretary before becoming Prime Minister.
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Labour Government
4 March 1974 - 4 May 1979

Following Harold Wilson's surprise resignation in 1976, James Callaghan won leadership of the Labour Party and became Prime Minister. Continued economic difficulties, high public spending and market pressures resulted in the government accepting a loan from the International Monetary Fund (under conditions enforcing government spending controls). Pressures on public sector wages caused a wave of strikes, culminating in the 1978-1979 'winter of discontent'. Throughout his premiership Callaghan ran a minority government, reliant on the support of smaller Westminster parties. Callaghan's government lost a vote of no confidence in 1979.

Cabinet members
Position Name Dates
Prime Minister J. Callaghan 5 Apr 76 - 4 May 79
Lord President E. Short 5 Mar 76 - 8 Apr 76
  M. Foot 8 Apr 76 - 4 May 79
Lord Chancellor Lord Elwyn-Jones 5 Mar 74 - 4 May 79
Lord Privy Seal Lord Shepherd 7 Mar 74 - 10 Sep 76
  Lord Peart 10 Sep 76 - 4 May 79
Chancellor of the Exchequer D. Healey 5 Mar 74 - 4 May 79
Chief Secretary to the Treasury J. Barnett 21 Feb 77 - 4 May 79
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs A. Crossland 8 Apr 76 - 4 May 79
Secretary of State for Home Affairs R. Jenkins 5 Mar 74 - 10 Sep 76
  M. Rees 20 Sep 76 - 4 May 79
Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries F. Peart 5 Mar 74 - 10 Sep 76
  J. Silkin 10 Sep 76 - 4 May 79 
Minister for Defence R. Mason 5 Mar 74 - 10 Sep 76
  F. Mulley 10 Sep 76 - 4 May 79 
Secretary of State for Education and Science R. Prentice 5 Mar 74 - 10 Jun 75
  F. Mulley 10 Jun 75 - 10 Sep 76
  S. Williams 10 Sep 76 - 4 May 79
Minister for Employment M. Foot 5 Mar 74 - 8 Apr 76
  A. Booth 8 Apr 76 - 4 May 79 
Secretary of State for Energy E. Varley 5 Mar 74 - 10 Jun 75
  A. Benn 10 Jun 75 - 4 May 79 
Minister for the Environment A. Crossland 5 Mar 74 - 8 Apr 76
  P. Shore 8 Apr 76 - 4 May 79
Minister for Planning and Local Government J. Silkin 18 Oct 74 - 5 Apr 76
Secretary of State for Health and Social Security B. Castle 5 May 74 - 8 Apr 76
  D. Ennals 8 Apr 76 - 4 May 79
Secretary of State for Industry A. Benn 5 Mar 74 - 10 Jun 75
  E. Varley 10 Jun 75 - 5 Apr 76
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster H. Lever 5 Mar 74 - 5 Apr 76
Secretary of State for Northern Ireland M. Rees 5 Mar 74 - 10 Sep 76
  R. Mason 10 Sep 76 - 4 May 79
Minster for Overseas Development R. Prentice 10 Jun 75 - 21 Dec 76
Minister for Prices and Consumer Protection S. Williams 5 Mar 74 - 10 Sep 76
  R. Hattersley 10 Sep 76 - 4 May 79
Secretary for Scotland W. Ross 5 Mar 74 - 8 Apr 76
  B. Millan 8 Apr 76 - 4 May 79 
Secretary of State for Trade P. Shore 5 Mar 74 - 8 Apr 76
  E. Dell 8 Apr 76 - 11 Nov 78
  J. Smith 11 Nov 78 - 4 May 79
Minister for Transport W. Rodgers 10 Sep 76 - 4 May 79
Secretary of State for Wales J. Morris 5 Sep 74 - 4 May 79
Chief Whip R. Mellish 26 Jul 74 - 8 Apr 76