A crowd demonstrates outside Wandsworth Prison at the execution of Derek Bentley in January 1953.
By 1900, murder was the only civilian crime (with few and rare exceptions) that incurred the mandatory death sentence. The only exception was on grounds of diminished responsibility through mental illness. The death sentence was finally abolished with the Murder Bill of 1965.
Search using Death penalty Homicide Act Murder (Abolition of the Death Penalty) Bill
- Morris, T., Crime and Criminal Justice since 1945 (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1989)