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India

Mohandas Gandhi and fellow activist, Manibehn Patel, on the day of his departure for England in 1931.
Mohandas Gandhi and fellow activist, Manibehn Patel, on the day of his departure for England in 1931.
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In 1900 India was central to the British Empire for strategic and economic reasons. India was a market for British manufactures, an important source of gold and one of Britain's biggest debtors. India moved through a series of political reforms to full independence in 1947.

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Further reading

  • Brown, J.M., India In Brown, J.M. and Louis, W.R., The Oxford History of the British Empire Vol. 4 The Twentieth Century (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999)
  • Brown, J.M., Modern India: the Origins of an Asian Democracy (Oxford: Oxford University Press , 1994)
  • Moore, R.J., Escape from Empire: the Attlee Government and the Indian Problem (Oxford: Clarendon, 1983)